Thermostat 3 Click | Mikroe (2024)

Table of contents

The Click board™ is equipped with all the necessary elements, required to provide a reliable operation: it has a varistor across the relay output contacts, preventing excessive voltage transients, it has a flyback diode for the backEMF generated within the relay coil, and a durable mechanical relay, that can withstand up to 20,000,000 mechanical cycles (no load connected). These features allow Thermostat 3 click to be used for a wide range of applications that have to be thermally controlled: various home appliances, air conditioners, cooling fans, small heaters, etc.

How does it work?

Thermostat 3 click board™ is designed around the MAX31855, as the main IC - a sophisticated thermocouple-to-digital converter with a built-in 14-bit analog-to-digital converter (ADC), fromAnalog Devices. The device also contains cold-junction compensation sensing and correction, a digital controller, a SPI compatible interface, and associated control logic. The Thermostat 3 click is designed to be used with externally connected K-type thermocouple sensor. The communication with the host MCU is performed over the SPI interface, using the dedicated pins of the mikroBUS™.

Thermostat 3 Click | Mikroe (1)

Depending on the temperature information obtained over the SPI interface, the host MCU can take the necessary action: it can either open or close contacts of the relay. The Click board™ uses theG6Dseries PCB power relay, fromOmron. This quality relay can withstand an amazingly large number of mechanical cycles, with no load connected. However, when there is a significant load connected at its output, micro-electric arcs cause the contacts to wear over time. With the maximum load current of 5A, it can sustain up to 70,000 cycles. Its contacts are made of silver alloy, yielding exceptional ON resistance of only 100mΩ (max).

The relay is activated by the host MCU. The voltage for the coil activation is 5V, while the current through the coil is 40mA. The MCU is not able to drive the coil directly, therefore an NPN transistor had to be added. Its base is controlled by the host MCU, allowing the coil to drain enough current from the 5V mikroBUS™ power rail. The base of the transistor is routed to the CS pin of the Click board™. The transistor packs two biasing resistors in the same casing, so it can be directly used on the MCU pin, without external biasing resistors. A red color LED, labeled as ACTIVE is used to indicate that the transistor is in an open state and that the current is running through the relay coil.

When the current through a coil (or any other inductor) is suddenly changed, the backEMF will be generated, opposing the changes of the current. This can sometimes lead to damage to the control circuit: in this case, the transistor will become inversely polarized. To prevent this from happening, a flyback diode is added across the coil. During the normal operation, this diode does not conduct any current. However, when the coil is switched OFF, the inverse polarization will cause the current to pass through this diode with minimum resistance. This prevents inverse (flyback) voltage from building up, so the transistor remains safe.

Contacts at the output may be connected to a higher voltage and larger current may run through. To prevent high voltage transients in this case, a flyback diode is not a viable option. Therefore, Thermostat 3 click uses a varistor (VDR). This component rapidly drops its resistance as the voltage rises above its rated clamping voltage. The excessive voltage transient will pass through the VDR since it will become a current path with the least resistance. During the normal operation, while the voltage stays below the rated clamping voltage, VDR has a very high resistance, so the current runs through the electrical circuit, instead.

The operating voltage of the Click board™ can be selected by the VCC SEL jumper. This jumper allows selecting either 3.3V or 5V from the mikroBUS™. The selected voltage will be applied to the VCC pin of the connected MAX31855 sensor.

Specifications

TypeTemperature & humidity
ApplicationsThermostat 3 click can be used for a wide range of applications that have to be thermally controlled: various home appliances, air conditioners, cooling fans, small heaters, etc
On-board modulesMAX31855, a sophisticated thermocouple-to-digital converter with a built-in 14-bit analog-to-digital converter (ADC), from Maxim Integrated G6D series PCB power relay, by Omron.
Key FeaturesBuilt-in 14-bit analog-to-digital converter (ADC), cold-junction compensation sensing and correction, a digital controller, SPI interface, associated control logic.
InterfaceGPIO,SPI
ClickIDNo
CompatibilitymikroBUS™
Click board sizeL (57.15 x 25.4 mm)
Input Voltage3.3V or 5V

Pinout diagram

This table shows how the pinout onThermostat 3 clickcorresponds to the pinout on the mikroBUS™ socket (the latter shown in the two middle columns).

NotesPinPinNotes
NC1ANPWM16RLYRelay Control
NC2RSTINT15NC
Chip SelectCS3CSRX14NC
SPI ClockSCK4SCKTX13NC
SPI Data OutSDO5MISOSCL12NC
NC6MOSISDA11NC
Power Supply3.3V73.3V5V105VPower Supply
GroundGND8GNDGND9GNDGround

Onboard settings and indicators

LabelNameDefaultDescription
LD1ACTIVE-Relay status LED,lightsup when therelay isCLOSED
LD2PWR-Power LED indicator
CN1--Relay output connector
CN2--External thermocouple connector
JP1VCC SELLeftPower supply voltage selection: left position 3.3V, right position 5V

Software Support

We provide a library for the Thermostat 3 click on our LibStock page, as well as a demo application (example), developed using MikroElektronika compilers. The demo can run on all the main MikroElektronika development boards.

Library Description

The library initializes and defines the SPI bus driver and drivers that offer a choice for read data form SPI lines. With functions from the library it is possible to read Internal or Thermocouple temperature data in Celsius, Kelvin or Fahrenheit. The library provides full relay control and reads fault error status.

Key functions:

  • float thermostat3_getInternalTemperature(uint8_t TempIn) - Junction (Internal) Temperature
  • float thermostat3_getThermocoupleTemperature(uint8_t TempIn) - Thermocouple Temperature (K probe)
  • void thermostat3_relayControl(uint8_t relayPos) - Relay Control

Examples description

The application is composed of three sections :

  • System Initialization - Initialzes SPI module and all the necessary GPIO pins
  • Application Initialization - Initialization driver init
  • Application Task - Waits for valid user input and executes functions based on set of valid commands
  • Commands : 'e' - Display Thermocouple temperature 'i' - Display Internal temperature 'r' - Relay control (Relay ON / OFF) 'f' - Fault flag (Active ON / OFF) '+' - Change fault flage and display fault status(ERROR / OK)
void applicationTask(){ uint8_t dataReady_; char receivedData_; thermostat3_process(); dataReady_ = UART_Rdy_Ptr(); if (dataReady_ != 0) { receivedData_ = UART_Rd_Ptr(); switch (receivedData_) { case 'i' : { InternalTemp = thermostat3_getInternalTemperature(_THERMOSTAT3_TEMP_IN_CELSIUS); FloatToStr(InternalTemp, demoText); mikrobus_logWrite("# Internal Temperature: ", _LOG_TEXT); mikrobus_logWrite(demoText, _LOG_LINE); break; } case 'e' : { ThermocoupleTemp = thermostat3_getThermocoupleTemperature(_THERMOSTAT3_TEMP_IN_CELSIUS); FloatToStr(ThermocoupleTemp, demoText); mikrobus_logWrite("# Thermocouple Temperature: ", _LOG_TEXT); mikrobus_logWrite(demoText, _LOG_LINE); break; } case 'r' : { if(_relayFlag == 1) { _relayFlag = 0; thermostat3_relayControl(_THERMOSTAT3_RELAY_OFF); mikrobus_logWrite("# Relay OFF", _LOG_LINE); } else { _relayFlag = 1; thermostat3_relayControl(_THERMOSTAT3_RELAY_ON); mikrobus_logWrite("# Relay ON", _LOG_LINE); } break; } case 'f' : { if(_faultFlag == 1) { _faultFlag = 0; mikrobus_logWrite("# Fault status -- OFF", _LOG_LINE); } else { _faultFlag = 1; mikrobus_logWrite("# Fault status -- ON", _LOG_LINE); } break; } case '+' : { if(_faultFlag == 1) { _fError++; if(_fError > 3) { _fError = 0; } _displayFault(_fError); _faultStatus = thermostat3_getFaultData(0x01 << _fError); if (_faultStatus == 1 ) { mikrobus_logWrite(" -- ERROR", _LOG_LINE); } else { mikrobus_logWrite(" -- OK", _LOG_LINE); } } else { mikrobus_logWrite(" Fault status is OFF, Please turn ON fault status!!!", _LOG_LINE); } break; } } }}

Additional Functions :

  • void _displayFault( ) - Display fault

The full application code, and ready to use projects can be found on our LibStock page.

Other mikroE Libraries used in the example:

  • SPI Library
  • UART Library
  • Conversions

Additional notes and informations

Depending on the development board you are using, you may need USB UART click, USB UART 2 click or RS232 click to connect to your PC, for development systems with no UART to USB interface available on the board. The terminal available in all MikroElektronika compilers, or any other terminal application of your choice, can be used to read the message.

mikroSDK

This Click board™ is supported with mikroSDK - MikroElektronika Software Development Kit. To ensure proper operation of mikroSDK compliant Click board™ demo applications, mikroSDK should be downloaded from the LibStock and installed for the compiler you are using.

For more information about mikroSDK, visit the official page.

Resources

Click board™ Catalog

Click Boards™

mikroSDK

Downloads

Thermostat 3 click example on Libstock

Thermostat 3 click schematic

Thermostat 3 click 2D and 3D files

MAX31855 datasheet

NOTE:Please be advised that any peripheral devices or accessories shown connected to the Click board™ are not included in the package. Check their availability in our shop or in the YMAN section below.

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Thermostat 3 Click | Mikroe (2024)
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