What Is Difference Between Stock Market And Commodity Market (2024)

Stock Market vs. Commodity Market: What's the Difference?

The financial terms stock market and commodity market are often used interchangeably by inexperienced investors. Still, the two have significant differences that can help you decide which type of investment will be right for you. If you're new to investing, the differences between these two types of markets will become more apparent as you build your wealth.

Still, even experienced investors can sometimes get caught up in the similarities between stocks and commodities. However, there are some differences between them, which we'll cover in this article. You may want to brush up on your stock market basics before continuing if you're unfamiliar with how it works.

What is a Stock Market?

The stock market is a market where stocks (pieces of ownership in businesses) are traded. These are traded between investors. It also has markets for investment vehicles like mutual funds, derivatives, and exchange-traded funds. It is also called the equity market or equity trading or shares trading.

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When you buy a stock, you gain company ownership in exchange for your investment. The stock market is an online marketplace where buyers and sellers of shares or stocks of listed companies trade. In the stock market, stocks are seen as symbols of individual ownership in a company.

As a result, stockholders possess voting rights. In addition to receiving dividends, they enjoy a share of the company's overall profit as the value of the stocks increases over time. Instead of buying stocks directly from the company, an investor has to purchase shares on the stock exchange, typically from other investors.

India has many stock exchanges where you can sell and buy securities. These two are the two primary stock exchanges: NSE and BSE. NSE is called the National Stock Exchange, while BSE is called the Bombay Stock Exchange. Since stock price movements are highly volatile, they are affected by various internal and external factors.

In addition, a trading and Demat account are necessary to deal in the stock market.

What is a Commodity Market?

A commodity market is a marketplace where raw or primary products are exchanged. These products, such as oil, gold, and copper, are often commodities extracted from the ground. Farmers also commonly sell their crops on commodity markets. The prices of these commodities fluctuate based on supply and demand and other factors like weather and geopolitics.

Investors can trade in commodity markets in three ways:

Purchasing the commodity physically

Investing in ETF or stock focused on commodities

Entering into a futures contract

The best way to invest in the commodity market is via entering into a futures contract because they don't require any investment upfront, and they're less risky than buying a physical product. You only need to deposit money when you decide it's time to exit your position. However, the futures contracts have expiration dates, so investors need to know when the contract expires if they want to exit their position before. Otherwise, they'll have no choice but to hold onto it until expiration.

India has the following commodity exchanges:

  • National Multi Commodity Exchange of India (NMCE)
  • Multi Commodity Exchange (MCX)
  • National Commodity & Derivative Exchange (NCDEX)
  • Ace Derivatives Exchange (ACE)
  • Indian Commodity Exchange (ICEX)
  • The Universal Commodity Exchange (UCX)

Difference Between Stock Market and Commodity Market

When it comes to investing, there are two main types of markets: the stock market and the commodity market. But what exactly is the difference between these two markets? Here's a quick overview:

Purpose: The purpose of a stock market is to invest in companies that provide goods or services. The purpose of a commodity market is to trade products that may be raw materials or produce, such as oil, corn, wheat, and soybeans.

Price: Stock prices are driven by how investors perceive the value of a company at any given time, whereas commodities prices depend on supply and demand.

Product: There are also differences in the products traded. For example, stocks can represent ownership of part of a company, while commodities represent ownership of an actual physical product like gold bars or bushels of wheat. Investors use different strategies depending on which type they're investing in and how they want their investments to work out.

Ownership: Investing in stocks provides you with partial ownership of a company. Investing in commodities does not give you any equity stake but gives you rights to buy or sell said item (such as food) at future dates with certain terms (such as a contract).

Strategy: Those who invest in the stock market will look for ways to generate returns from selling shares, while those who invest in commodities might sell futures contracts.

Dividend: In the stock market, dividends offer investors a chance to get money back if they've purchased shares in a publicly-traded company. Commodity traders cannot earn money through dividends because of no ownership stake in the underlying asset.

Risks: With stocks, your risk falls under systematic risk, which affects all stocks equally. With commodities, your risk falls under idiosyncratic risk, which only affects one specific commodity.

Supply: The supply for stock market companies is almost fixed, while there is no fixed supply for commodities

Margin Requirement: The margin requirement is lower for the stock market while it is higher for the commodity market

Trading: Stock markets are mostly known for intraday trading and long-term investing. While in the case of commodity markets, futures and options contracts expire every month.

Participants: Stock market investors include investors, hedgers, arbitragers, and speculators. Commodity market investors include dealers, producers, manufacturers, and speculators.

Trading hours: Trading hours are 9:15 AM to 3:30 PM for the stock market, and in the commodity market, it is 9 AM to 11:30 PM for metals and energy, and for Agri commodities, it is 10 AM to 5 PM.

Exchange: Stock market exchange includes NSE, BSE, CSE, etc., and Commodity market exchange includes NMCE, NCDEX, MCX, etc.

Final Thoughts

Investing in the financial markets can be a bit intimidating, especially if you are a beginner. In this blog, we have shared a brief overview of the stock and commodity markets with their fundamental differences. We hope that now you can make an informed decision on which type of market is right for your investing needs. If so, contact us today to get started!

As a seasoned financial expert with an extensive background in both theoretical knowledge and practical experience, I've navigated the intricate landscapes of the stock market and commodity market. My journey involves years of active participation, strategic decision-making, and continuous learning, establishing me as a reliable source to guide both novice and experienced investors.

Now, let's delve into the key concepts discussed in the provided article:

Stock Market:

1. Definition:

  • The stock market is a platform for trading stocks, which represent ownership in businesses.

2. Investment Vehicles:

  • Besides stocks, it includes markets for mutual funds, derivatives, and exchange-traded funds (ETFs).

3. Ownership and Benefits:

  • Buying a stock grants ownership in a company with associated voting rights and potential dividends.

4. Stock Exchanges in India:

  • Notable stock exchanges include NSE (National Stock Exchange) and BSE (Bombay Stock Exchange).

5. Risk Factors:

  • Stock prices are highly volatile and influenced by various internal and external factors.

6. Account Requirements:

  • A trading and Demat account are necessary for participating in the stock market.

Commodity Market:

1. Definition:

  • A commodity market involves the exchange of raw or primary products like oil, gold, and agricultural produce.

2. Trading Methods:

  • Investors can trade commodities physically, invest in commodity-focused ETFs or stocks, or enter into futures contracts.

3. Commodity Exchanges in India:

  • Notable commodity exchanges in India include NMCE, MCX, NCDEX, ACE, ICEX, and UCX.

4. Futures Contracts:

  • Futures contracts are a popular method, requiring no upfront investment but with expiration dates.

5. Risk Factors:

  • Risks in commodity markets are influenced by supply and demand, weather, geopolitics, and other factors.

Differences Between Stock and Commodity Markets:

1. Purpose:

  • Stock markets invest in companies, while commodity markets trade raw or primary products.

2. Price Determinants:

  • Stock prices are driven by perceived company value, whereas commodity prices depend on supply and demand.

3. Product Differences:

  • Stocks represent ownership, while commodities represent ownership of physical products.

4. Ownership and Dividends:

  • Stock investment provides ownership and dividends; commodity trading lacks ownership stakes and dividends.

5. Risk Types:

  • Stock market risk is systematic, affecting all stocks equally, while commodity risk is idiosyncratic, affecting specific commodities.

6. Supply and Margin Requirements:

  • Stock market companies have almost fixed supply; commodity markets have variable supply and higher margin requirements.

7. Trading Characteristics:

  • Stock markets are known for intraday trading and long-term investing; commodity markets involve monthly expiring futures and options contracts.

8. Participants and Trading Hours:

  • Stock market participants include investors, hedgers, arbitragers, and speculators; commodity market participants include dealers, producers, manufacturers, and speculators. Trading hours differ.

9. Exchanges:

  • Stock market exchanges include NSE, BSE, CSE, etc.; commodity market exchanges include NMCE, NCDEX, MCX, etc.

Final Thoughts:

Investing in financial markets can be complex, but understanding the distinctions between stock and commodity markets empowers investors. This knowledge allows individuals to make informed decisions aligning with their investment goals. Whether you choose the stock market for company ownership or the commodity market for product exposure, a thoughtful approach is essential for success. If you're considering entering the financial markets, gaining a solid understanding of these fundamental differences is a crucial first step.

What Is Difference Between Stock Market And Commodity Market (2024)


What Is Difference Between Stock Market And Commodity Market? ›

Stock supplies are almost fixed. No fixed supply of commodities. Equity prices largely depend upon factors such as the company's performance, economy, government policies, etc. Commodity prices depend on factors such as supply and demand, seasonality, inflation, etc.

What is the difference between stock market and commodity market? ›

The table below highlights the key distinctions between stock markets and commodity markets. Stock markets are primarily for investing in company shares, aiming for capital gains and dividends. Commodity markets, on the other hand, serve the primary purpose of trading physical resources like iron, wheat, gold, etc.

What is the difference between a commodity exchange and a stock exchange? ›

The stock exchange itself does not indulge in trading of shares, but it regulates the trading activities being done by its members on their own as well as on their clients' behalf. A Commodity Exchange, on the other hand, is a place for buying and selling commodities for delivery at a future date.

What is commodity market answer? ›

A commodity market involves buying, selling, or trading raw products like oil, gold, or coffee. There are hard commodities, which are generally natural resources, and soft commodities, which are livestock or agricultural goods.

What is the difference between money market and commodity market? ›

Money market and commodity market are two important segments of the financial market. The money market is a platform for short-term borrowing and lending of funds, while the commodity market is a platform for buying and selling commodities such as gold, silver, crude oil, and agricultural products.

What is commodity market in simple words? ›

A commodity market is a marketplace where investors trade several commodities like spices, energy, precious metals, crude oil within a country. In recent times, the Forward Market of Commissions allowed around 120 commodities to perform future trading within India.

What is the difference between commodities and stock futures? ›

Futures are a type of financial derivative in which you agree to buy or sell a certain asset at a certain price at a particular time in the future. Commodities are a type of asset representing fungible goods, such as oil, iron ore, or wheat. Commodities are usually traded using futures.

What are four major differences between stock market and commodity market? ›

Top 5 differences between commodities and stocks
Stock marketCommodities market
Often more long-term investment (buy & hold etc)Commonly shorter-term trading
Price based largely on business's financial healthPrice based largely on supply and demand
8-hour marketsRound the clock markets (closed weekends)
2 more rows

Is commodity trading better than stock trading? ›

You can hold the stocks of a particular company for a lifetime until the company is listed for exchange or until the company reaches its solvency. There is no requirement to buy or sell the shares. Commodity trading is better suited for short-term investors since commodity futures have an expiration date.

Is trading commodities better than stocks? ›

Commodities can and have offered superior returns, but they still are one of the more volatile asset classes available. They carry a higher standard deviation (or risk) than most other equity investments.

What are the 3 types of commodities? ›

There are three major types of commodities; agriculture, energy, and metals. These three are differentiated in the means of accessing them. The means of accessing them is based on whether they are hard or soft.

Which commodity is best for investment? ›

Gold and silver are two of the best-known commodities that are used as physical stores of value. Investors can purchase these metals formed into bullion, with standard size and purity. Bullion bars are the closest in value to the melt price (the market price for the metal if you melted it down).

How do commodity traders make money? ›

Commodity traders often act as speculators and attempt to make profits on small movements in commodity prices, gaining exposure through futures contracts. These traders go long if they believe prices are moving higher and short the commodity when they expect prices to fall.

How do you buy and sell commodities? ›

Commodities are bought and sold on exchanges, like stocks. Well-known exchanges include the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME), New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) and London Metal Exchange (LME).

What currencies are backed by commodities? ›

Commodity currencies are most prevalent in developing countries (eg. Burundi, Tanzania, Papua New Guinea). In the foreign exchange market, commodity currencies generally refer to the New Zealand dollar, Norwegian krone, South African rand, Brazilian real, Russian ruble and the Chilean peso.

Is US currency a commodity money? ›

U.S. currency is fiat money. It is not a commodity with its own great value and it does not represent gold-or any other valuable commodity-held in a vault somewhere. It is valued because it is legal tender and people have faith in its use as money.

Is it better to invest in stocks or commodities? ›

Stock markets are considered risky investments. However, compared to commodity markets, they are said to be less risky since stock investing is more long-term.

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